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We have harvested the freshly grown Kratom leaves and grind them into a very fine and smooth powder without losing its potency and alkaloid contents.
What is Kratom? What are their Uses?
Before you make up your mind to fill up your stack with Kratom products, it is important to learn about the herb in detail which is known as Mitragyna Speciosa. The herb is popularly known as Kratom all over the world, where it originates from a family called Rubiaceae. This was first recorded by a Dutch Scientist gave the genus name, “Mitragyna” to it. This tree is found abundantly in the tropical area of Southeast Asian countries like Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and other islands surrounding these countries. This tree generally grows up to 30 feet tall and 15 feet wide thriving only in wet, humus-rich soil with higher levels of minerals. This is what that helps Kratom grow in a healthy way. The leaves of Kratom are glossy, dark green, growing up to 7 inches long and 4 inches wide.
The use of Kratom can be traced back to centuries in the above mentioned Southeast Asian countries. The leaves are rich in certain chemicals that tend to show therapeutic and recreational properties. It is widely considered as the sacred herb in these countries and it has slowly made its entry into the West. Though it has been widely used as a folk medicine during rituals and medicines, the Food and Drug Administration in the USA prohibits the internal usage of Kratom. Kratom is legal in most parts of the States in the US; however, the FDA hasn’t termed it to be completely safe for usage
Know the Origin History of Kratom
History and research have recorded several mentions about Mitragyna, even centuries ago. Over these years, there have been many botanists who identified this plant successfully and passed on the benefits and the true potential of the plant to the world outside. But still, extensive research to understand Kratom is pending. Kratom doesn’t have a history that is very surprising; it has just evolved through years and years by serving as a folk medicine for the natives of the Southeast Asian countries. The peasants and laborers of these countries got hold of Kratom as an affordable version of opium drugs. Also, the farmers used to chew on these leaves for energy to work hard on the fields. The Western literature states that the first description of Kratom was recorded by botanists, Pieter Willem Korthals, who worked for the East India Company. Additional literature, which came in 1836, suggests that the Kratom was distributed in Malaysia by the peasants and rural workers.
The very first medical research was conducted in 1907 when the samples were sent to the University of Edinburgh by Wray to isolate the alkaloids. The research was later rectified in 1921 when it was named as Mitragyna by Fray after a set of isolation process. H.Burkill, in 1930 conducted research based on which the psychoactive properties were studied and the plant was described to treat fever, diarrhea, and other ailments as a traditional medicine in the form of ointments. This study was later confirmed by Dr. Sangun in 1975. After the studies in 1943, Thailand, Myanmar and Malaysia passed certain Kratom laws consequently in different years to make it illegal in their country. Trees were cut down and the plant was placed under the list of controlled narcotic drugs.
Chemical Theory Present in Kratom Plants
The leaves of Mitragyna Speciosa have been studied and they are found to contain more than 40 compounds in them that include alkaloids such as Mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine. The amount of Mitragynine found in these leaves depends on a variety of factors, including the place where it grows. The level of Mitragynine is high when a tree is grown in Southeast Asia compared to the ones that grow somewhere else. It has been observed that greenhouse gases tend to decrease the level of Mitragynine in the leaves. A recent research procedure through chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS) showed that the range of Mitragynine to be around 1 to 6 % and the other alkaloid at 0.01 to 0.04%. Studies also show that a special chemical structure is said to be present including a tryptamine nucleus. Phenyl methyl ether is said to be at the forte when Kratom displays analgesic properties.
Mitragynine is known to be soluble in organic solvents giving rise to a fluorescent solution upon dissolving. But it is insoluble in water. It is known to get distilled at 230 to 240 degree Celsius, with a formation of a white crystal that melts at 102 to 106 degree Celsius. Another well-known substance found in Kratom is 7-hydroxymitragynine that shows a potency level-up to 30, making it the most active substance. This revelation has put Mitragynine to the second spot since it was initially considered to be the most active substance. Though 7-hydroxymitragynine interacts with all the major opioid receptors, the chemical bonds with the Mu receptor. The chemical synthesis of the same is too complex and hence Mitragynine is used as a chemical precursor.
Kratom Legality in Various Countries
The native place of Kratom is Thailand but it is amusing to learn that Thailand has completely banned this herb due to several reasons. Kratom is still a topic of controversy in most parts of the world with no clarity on its legal status. Thailand passed the Kratom law in 1943 that counts even the possession of one ounce of Kratom to be illegal. The law not only regards the planting of Kratom to be illegal but also wants the existing trees to be cut. Any person who possesses Kratom in Thailand is punishable by death.
Several other countries like Australia, Burma, Denmark, and Finland have also banned the commercialization of Kratom. Kratom is not a controlled substance in the United States, yet some districts in the states have banned the possession of Kratom. The trade and distribution of any drug containing Mitragynine are touted to be illegal in Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, Wisconsin, Vermont, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Sarasota County – FL, San Diego – CA, and Jerseyville. The U.S FDA, in fact, is strictly against the internal use of Kratom. Hence, it has come up with stringent procedures and laws in places where it is legal.